Monday, January 26, 2009

That is a lie!

The heart of semantics is truth, the ability to examine a proposition and determine whether it is true or false. Sometimes we may not have enough information to determine whether a given statement or network of statements is true, but sometimes claims may simply not be true in an objective sense. False claims may be inintentional or intentional. Regardless, any semantic system or semantic agent needs to be able to make judgments as to the truth of statements and propositions.

Some of the ways in which even simple statements can be false are:

  • Outright lies
  • Deceptions that hide behind some legalism
  • Misleading by artful presentation of mostly truthful information
  • Honest mistakes
  • Simple misstatements
  • Subjective truth
  • Misunderstandings
  • Confusion
  • Misinterpretation
  • Incomplete information
  • Fuzzy statistical data
  • Changed information
  • Different points of view
  • Wishful thinking
  • Conjecture and speculation based on a weak foundation
  • Semantic mismatches, contextual mismatches - true in one system of reasoning, but not necessarily true in a different system of reasoning
  • Jokes and pranks
  • Hoaxes
  • Fraud
  • Madness of crowds
  • Emperor's New Clothes syndrome
  • Folklore
  • Political dogma
  • Exaggeration
  • Paradoxes
  • Poor estimation
  • Works of fiction
  • Dramatization
  • Hypotheticals
  • News reports - it may have been "said", or reported to have been said, but is it true?

Semantic data mining in particular needs to be able to classify statements as to their truth content, not simply whether a statement is believed to be true, but what form of untruth it might be.

Semantic agents need to be able to validate the veracity of claims that it encounters.

How to do all of this? Overall, unknown at the present time, but there of lots of special cases and plenty of room for heuristics.

Maybe even a heuristic could be considered a "lie" to some extent.

-- Jack Krupansky

1 Comments:

At November 5, 2016 at 7:41 PM , Blogger رضا رمضان said...

شركة تتميز بجميع الخبرات في تقديم اعمالها المتميزة في الكشف عن التسريبات من خلال شركة كشف تسربات المياه بجدة التي تعطي كل ما لديها في اصلاح العديد من المشاكل التي تحدث نتيجة كسر او عطل مفاجئ في امدادت المياه لذلك ننصحم ان تعتمد علي شركة كشف تسربات بجدة لديه سباكين وفنين لديهم الخبرة في حل هذه المشكلة بكل سهولة كما نمتلك لديها القدرة علي تنفيذ اعمال العوازل من خلال شركة عزل اسطح بالرياض التي تعالج تسريبات المياه في الاسقف والحوائط كما نقدم خدمة العزل السليمة للخزانات الارضي والعلوي الخرسانية بواسطة فني متميزة لديه القدرة علي معالجة كل ذلك بسهولة من خلال شركة عزل خزانات بالرياض تمتلك مواد ذات جودة متميزة

 

Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home